Weaving in Europe between the 15th and 18th centuries


Whom some experts, "Transylvania" named as carpets, Transylvania or in adjacent regions of the Balkans and other European countries, the idea might have been put forward. [1]

16. and 18th among the various European countries (Spain, Britain, France, Poland), carpet weaving has been made, although "carpet of Transylvania" B. Anatolia are also being considered.

Within the limits set out here in the Transylvanian region of Romania that have taken the tradition of carpet weaving in some more detail we want to address.
As the record of Turkey, 16th century carpet trade was extremely profitable business. Maşkolur a tax collector in the palace (there are Thessoly'da) note that tax rates are in very good shape. [2]

To be sold in Europe from Anatolia to the Balkans in general were imported carpets were sold under the patronage of the Venetian merchants. Or horse wagons loaded with goods brought or. [3]

19th Century Toward the end, against Romania on increasing demand, local carpet manufacturing centers are being established. Immigrants from Turkey in the years between 1895-1915, was placed near the Dobrudja. Brought the tradition of carpet weaving workshops of weaving a new "Bravila, Bucharest, Cluj,  Făgăraş, Galati, set up in cities such as Gherla and Iaşi, Romania's textile industry, today formed the starting points. [4]

The Turkish army will produce fabrics for uniforms machinery had been brought from England and Russia. Gümüşgerdan first textile workshop by the brothers of Plovdiv was established using machines made in Austria. But this period of Turkish carpets are no records associated with production. [5]

Socialist Republic of Romania, after all the manufacturing shops came under state control. After the second world war, Romania's economy continues to weaken gradually, carpet exports, the economy would constitute an important resource for assistance. [6],

The development of the modern carpet industry to the year 1951, ie, the first of Handicrafts Cooperatives (UCECOM) [7] go to institutions. To touch the carpet, are controlled by UCECOM, where the tradition of carpet weaving has been done. Moreover, Braşov, Craiova, Golati, carpet weaving centers Oradea'daki Gigurgiu and carpet industry are produced in significant amounts. All these co-operatives under the carpet weavers until 2000, seven workshops in the 500 of them are working in their own homes. [8]

Cooperatives, the carpet weaving events, with all its stages, from material stained, and washed until the deal is done. Wool, knotted carpets, to be used are imported from New Zealand and Australia. Paint, Denmark, England, were imported from Germany's leading companies are made of synthetic dyes. Node as the node system is in use, sometimes symmetrical and sometimes asymmetrical. [9]

Patterns of carpets, Iranian, Turkish, Caucasian, Central Asian, Chinese, European carpets are made in a pattern taken from the eclectic. Quality of Rugs, a rug named in Braşov (1600 düğüm/dm2), called Transylvania carpet (düğüm/dm2 1206), as has been observed. [10]

Romanian farmers in village houses in the tissues of the carpet, embroidered scarf, bed linen is usually wool, raw silk, cotton, linen is made from such materials. Each region has its own kind of weaving. For example, Oltenya, Moldova, Northern Transylvania with carpets, raw silk Valaçya Oltenya'nın and southern parts, near Sibiu, Olt river and the narrow, soft-colored fabrics are known for long. [11]
   A rug made in  MaraMureş

Pictue. No. 2: to pass the weft threads, Giurgu, 1980.

Picture. No. 3: bending of wool spinning, Giurgu, 1980.

Picture. No. 4: drawing board, Bucharest, 1979.

Picture. No.5: Node disposal, Giurgu, 1980.

 [1] Ellis, C. "Philadelphia Art Museum of Oriental Carpets", s.93-97.
 [2] Suraiya, Faraghi, "Towns and Townsmen of Ottoman Anatolia, Cambridge 1984, s.138.
 [3] Olteanu Stefan and Þerban Constantin,
 [4] Scarce, J. Vol.3, 1989, s.211-225.
 [5] Todorov, Nikolai, 1977, s.315-58.
 [6] A.g.e., s.315-58.
 [7] Horþia, Olga and Paul Petrescu, 1972, s.87-93.
 [Eight] A.g.e., s.87-93.
 [9] Scarce, J., 1989, s.211-225.
 [10] A.g.e., s.211-225.
 [11] Romanya'yý Identifiable Brochures, Romanian Tourism Office, 1994, istanbul.